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自动化武器的发展及对未来战争的影响
孙定宇
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摘要:
在信息技术和生命技术革命的双重影响下,人工智能发展突飞猛进,剧烈改变着现代军事技术发展方向。战争形态由信息化逐步向智能化转变。自动化武器作为智能化装备重要的组成部分,其发展经历了三级进阶,愈发趋向人机一体和全自主化方向改变。这种发展趋势对引领未来战争产生重要而深远的影响。伴随着武器无人化、智能化、自主化的发展趋向,如何有效研发、利用、管控自动化武器成为未来无人化战争的重要议题。同时世界各国对自动化武器的研发部署也加剧了国际军控的紧张,特别是致命性自主武器的出现将有可能对战争伦理和法律构成前所未有的挑战,这将成为国际社会必须认真审视的问题。
关键词:  自动化武器  OODA环  智能化战争
DOI:10.13943/j.issn 1671-4547.2019.04.13
基金项目:
Trend of automatic weapons and the impact on future warfare
Abstract:
In the influence of information technology and biological technology revolution, AI has developed rapidly and dramatically changed the trend of modern military technology. The form of war has gradually transformed from information war to intelligent war. As one of the significant part of intelligent equipment, automatic weapon has experienced three steps of development, which tends to be human machine unity and fully autonomous weapon. It will bring significant and profound influence to the future warfare. With the development of unmanned, intelligent and autonomous trend of weapon, it is an important issue to research, apply and control them in the coming unmanned warfare. But nations in the world, at the same time, researching and deploying the automatic weapons increased the intensity of international arms control, especially for the coming of lethal autonomous weapons, which will probably bring unprecedented challenge to the war ethics and law. That will become the problem that international society should serious concern about.
Key words:  automatic weapon  OODA loop  intelligent warfare