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  • 马浚洋.“经济寒冬”下俄军费使用效果[J].国防科技,2019,40(4):    [点击复制]
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“经济寒冬”下俄军费使用效果
马浚洋
0
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摘要:
受国力所限,俄罗斯难以与美西方展开全面军备竞赛;经济寒冬中,俄军费一直受国家经济能力的制约。然而,在与美国为首的西方长期斗争中,俄重点加强研制列装新式“杀手锏”武器,形成了俄罗斯特色的军事斗争战略,即基于“杀手锏”武器的俄式“不对称”军事战略。这种以“杀手锏”武器为基石的“不对称作战”军事战略使军费支出产生了效费比高、针对性强、威慑力大的良好效果。文章重点透视近年来俄罗斯国防科技创新、作战理念创新、战术战法创新的最新动态,进而剖析俄保持较高的军费效费比、成功开展对外博弈的重要举措和深层次原因,它们包括继承消化苏联大部分的国防工业基础、加快国防科技工业转型、强化国防科技自主创新、通过对外军贸和军民融合运筹军费来源等。
关键词:  经济寒冬  俄军费  效费比  “杀手锏”武器  国防科技工业
DOI:10.13943/j.issn 1671-4547.2019.04.15
基金项目:
Analysis on the use effect of Russian military expenditure under the “Economic Winter”
Abstract:
Due to the limitations of national power, it is difficult for Russian to launch a comprehensive arms race with the United States and the West. In the economic winter, Russian military spending has always been restricted by state’s economic capabilities. However, in the long term struggle with the United States led by the United States, Russia has focused on strengthening the development of new “killer” weapons and has formed a military strategy of Russian characteristics, namely the Russian “asymmetric military strategy” based on “killer” weapons. This military strategy based on the “killer” weapon has made military expenditures a good result with high cost effectiveness, high pertinence and great deterrence. The article focuses on the latest developments in Russian defense science and technology innovation, combat concept innovation, and tactical warfare innovation in recent years, and then analyzes Russia’s important measures and deep seated reasons for maintaining a high military cost effective ratio. These important measures include inheriting and digesting most of the Soviet Union’s defense industry base, accelerating the transformation of national defense technology industry, strengthening the independent innovation culture, and mobilizing military sources through foreign military trade and military civilian integration.
Key words:  economic winter  Russian military expenditure  cost effective ratio  “killer” weapon  national defense technology industry