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  • 李德栋,曹建.对美国“忠诚僚机”的思考及对策建议[J].国防科技,2020,41(4):19-22    [点击复制]
  • LI Dedong,CAO Jian.Thoughts and countermeasures on the U.S “Loyal Wingman”[J].National Defense Technology,2020,41(4):19-22   [点击复制]
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对美国“忠诚僚机”的思考及对策建议
李德栋,曹建
(海军航空大学)
摘要:
用无人机担任僚机已成为战斗机编组作战领域技战术研究的新热点。本文通过跟踪美国“忠诚僚机”项目的试验进展,了解所用无人僚机和战斗机平台的性能及特点,把握长僚机编组作战对无人僚机的基本指标需求。在此基础上,结合美军分布式作战概念的演变、智能空战技术研究和现有装备改装趋势等因素,分析了“忠诚僚机”项目在推进空中分布式作战概念实用化、提高长僚机编组作战效能以及形成规模化无人僚机装备方面可能产生的影响。基于上述分析,得出无人僚机与有人战斗机编组作战是军队需要面对的新型作战样式这一结论,并结合国内空战理论研究、军用无人机制造能力以及反无人机装备的发展情况,给出整合资源发展优势无人机、以硬杀伤和软杀伤多种形式构建有效反制体系的对策建议。
关键词:  忠诚僚机  编组作战  分布式作战  对策
DOI:10.13943/j.issn 1671-4547.2020.04.04
基金项目:
Thoughts and countermeasures on the U.S “Loyal Wingman”
Abstract:
Using UAV as wingman is a new hotspot in the research of technology and tactics of fighter jet formation. By tracking the progress of the US “loyal wingman” project,we introduce the performance and characteristics of the unmanned wingman and the fighter jet in it,and analyze the fundamental parameter requirement of the unmanned wingman for the formation operation. Combined with the evolution of the concept of distributed operation,the research on intelligent air operation technology,and the modification trend of existing equipment,the impact of the “loyal wingman” is shown on promoting the practicality of the air distributed operation,improving the operational effectiveness of the formation of lead aircraft and wingman,and manufacturing large-scale unmanned wingman equipment. It is pointed out the formation operation of two types of platforms is a new operation mode we have to face. According to the domestic research on the air operation theory,military UAV manufacturing capability and anti-UAV equipment development,the countermeasures against the “loyal wingman” are given such as integrating resources to develop superior UAV and building an effective counter system with both hard and soft kill weapons.
Key words:  loyal wingman  formation operation  distributed operation  countermeasures