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  • 庄林,仲雪韵.近期美国海军南海地区活动态势分析[J].国防科技,2020,41(4):35-41    [点击复制]
  • ZHUANG Lin,ZHONG Xueyun.Trend of the recent U.S. Naval Operations in the South China Sea[J].National Defense Technology,2020,41(4):35-41   [点击复制]
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近期美国海军南海地区活动态势分析
庄林,仲雪韵
(国防科技大学国际关系学院)
摘要:
随着南海地区力量结构和美对华战略的转变,南海地区成为中美战略博弈的焦点。为围堵遏制中国的崛起,美国针对中国在南海实施了一系列海上挑衅行为。美国海军作为美国军事干预的主要力量,从兵力部署、演习演训、“航行自由”行动等着手,积极拉拢域内外盟友,展开并强化了在南海地区的军事活动。这些军事活动表现出极强的针对性和实战性,致使中美海上摩擦和竞争加剧。未来,美国为维护主导的全球秩序,将进一步提升美国海军在南海地区的威慑力。美国海军会借助并增加域内盟友的军事力量,继续维持高强度的装备平台活动及“航行自由”行动,推动海上力量合作。
关键词:  美国海军  军事活动  兵力部署  南海  “航行自由”行动
DOI:10.13943/j.issn 1671-4547.2020.04.07
基金项目:
Trend of the recent U.S. Naval Operations in the South China Sea
Abstract:
With the change of the power structure in the South China Sea and the transformation of the U.S. strategy towards China,the South China Sea has become a strategic point between China and the U.S.. In order to contain the rise of China,the United States has carried out a series of provocative acts against China in the South China Sea. As the main implementer of military interventions,the US Navy has started from force deployment,exercises and wargames,and “freedom of navigation” operations,actively attracting allies inside and outside the region,to expand and strengthen military activities in the South China Sea. These military activities are extremely targeted and practical,resulting in increased Sino-US maritime friction and competition. In the future,the United States will further enhance the deterrent power of the US Navy in the South China Sea in order to maintain global order. The US Navy will use and increase the military power of its allies in the region,continue to maintain high-intensity equipment platform activities and “freedom of navigation” operations and promote the cooperation of maritime forces.
Key words:  the U.S. Navy  military operations  force deployment  the South China Sea  FONOP