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【专题】登陆破障装备技术发展应用述评
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The development characteristics and trend of landing obstacle breaking equipment technology
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    摘要:

    登陆破障行动是联合登陆战斗中各军兵种破障力量在敌预先设置和临机设置的各种障碍物中开辟通路的行动,也是确保登陆兵突击上陆和向纵深发展进攻的前提和关键。进入21世纪,随着高新技术的不断发展,传统的破障装备和手段已经不能适应新的战场,各种新式障碍相继出现,对登陆部队的破障能力提出更高要求,破障装备体系化、破障手段精确化以及破障过程无人化成为未来破障技术的重要发展方向。本文首先简要介绍了当前世界主流的破障装备和手段,并论述了其局限性,如破障效率低、人员和弹药消耗量大以及容易形成二次障碍等,然后从破障装备体系化、破障手段精确化和破障过程无人能化三个方面对未来破障装备技术发展趋势进行了展望。

    Abstract:

    The obstacle breaking operation in landing is an action in which various services and arms break through obstacles that are previously and temporarily set by enemies, to open up paths in a joint landing battle. Meanwhile, it is the premise and key to ensure that the landing troops make a surprise landing and strike an offensive combat in depth. Entering the 21st century, with the continuous development of advanced technology, traditional obstacle breaking equipment and methods can no longer adapt to the new battlefield. Various new obstacles have emerged one after another, and higher requirements have been placed on the ability of landing troops to break through obstacles. It is an important development direction for fu-ture breaking techniques to use the unmanned, precise means and systematic breaking equipment in ob-stacle breaking operations. This paper first briefly introduces the mainstream obstacle breaking equipment and methods in the current world, and discusses their limitations, such as low efficiency in breaking barriers, large consumption of personnel and ammunition and easy to form secondary obstacles. Furthermore, this arti-cle boldly dissertates the future development trend of obstacle breaking equipment technology from fol-lowing three aspects: obstacle breaking equipment, obstacle breaking means and obstacle breaking process.

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刘海龙,梁 恒.【专题】登陆破障装备技术发展应用述评[J].国防科技,2020,41(5):14-18;LIU Hailong, LIANG Heng. The development characteristics and trend of landing obstacle breaking equipment technology[J]. National Defense Technology,2020,41(5):14-18

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  • 在线发布日期: 2020-11-09
  • 出版日期: 2020-10-31

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