本文针对水际岸滩沉船顽固障碍难以破除的现实课题，通过列举沉船顽固障碍的危害性，分析了其碍障作用机理，探索和总结了一套平战时敌沉船顽固障碍定位标识的数据库，并对几种常用的破除方法进行了可行性分析。为增强对沉船顽固障碍碍航的直接认识，本文从实战角度分析近年来因碰触沉船而发生的现实事故，提出了优先回避原则，据此可避开沉船等障碍物规划编队航行路线。此外，紧急作战情况时若发现沉船顽固障碍，出于航道有限或战法需要，必须对沉船顽固障碍物进行破坏清除。目前沉船顽固障碍清除的方法主要有快速打捞或者移位法、水下爆破辅以水下切割的解体法、依托陆军现有爆破装备破除法以及联合引导空海火力清除法四种方法。 [关键词] 沉船顽固障碍；作用机理；探测定位；破坏清除
Aiming at the practical problem that obstacles such as stubborn sunken ships are difficult to break down in the intermarine beaches, the main purpose of this article is to fully understand the hazards of stubborn sunken ships, to understand its mechanism of action, to explore and summarize a database of obstacles for detection and positioning during peacetime and wartime, and to analyze the feasibility of several commonly used blasting methods. In order to facilitate the direct understanding of how the stubborn obstacles hinder navigation, this article lists a large number of actual accidents in recent years due to touching the wreck. Starting from the actual combat environment, this article proposes the principle of prior avoidance to keep away from the stubborn sunken ships and replan the navigation route. When stubborn sunken ships are found in a particularly emergent situation, due to the combat needs or limited waterways, we must destroy and clear the stubborn sunken ships. At present, there are four methods for getting rid of stubborn obstacles, including rapid salvage or displacement, underwater blasting supplemented by underwater cutting and disassembly, destruction relying on the Army’s existing blasting equipment, and air-sea united firepower.
刘浩然,陈宏亮,戴 辉,陈 锁.【专题】水际岸滩沉船顽固障碍破除方法研究[J].国防科技,2020,41(5):19-23；LIU Haoran, CHEN Hongliang, DAI Hui, CHEN Suo. Research on the methods of getting rid of stubborn sunken ships[J]. National Defense Technology,2020,41(5):19-23复制