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【专题】美军破障行动的力量运用评析
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Study on the organization and formation of the U.S Military’s obstacle breaking force
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    摘要:

    在地面作战中,面对敌方设置的障碍如何组织破障力量实施开辟通路行动一直是各国军队面临的难题。美军作为信息化部队,在破障力量的作战实际应用上经验丰富。研究美军破障力量的组织编成以及战法运用,能够对军队以战领训,研透作战任务、作战对手及作战环境,加强使命课题专攻精练并有效管控危机,甚至可为军队未来遏制战争、打赢战争提供宝贵经验,具有极其重要的借鉴意义。本文通过研究美军2015条令战略及美军合成兵种营野战手册等文件,对美军破障力量的组织编成和战法运用进行了剖析解读。研究表明,美军在破障行动中主要遵循情报处理、破障行动基本点、破障行动组织、关键性集中及战场控制等五大原则,在战斗编组上主要是以支援队、破障队和突击队三个基本编组进行针对性组织,模块化程度非常高。

    Abstract:

    In ground combats, in the face of obstacles set by the enemy, how to organize obstacle-breaking forces to carry out channel-opening operations has always been a problem facing the armed forces of various countries. As an informationized force, the US military has a lot of actual combat experience. Therefore, it is extremely important to study the organization and use of tactics of the US military’s obstacle-breaking forces, so that our army can get a full understanding of the mission, opponent and environment with more focused exercises, and effectively control possible crises and even contain and win the wars in the future. This article analyzes and interprets the US military’s 2015 doctrine, US military combined arms camp field manual, and other literature materials, and mainly studies the organization and use of tactics of the US military’s obstacle breaking forces. Studies have shown that the US military basically observes five major principles in obstacle breaking forces: intelligence processing, basic points of obstacle breaking forces, organization of obstacle breaking forces, critical concentration, and battlefield control. In combat formation, it is mainly organized by three basic formations: support team, obstacle breaking team and assault team, with a very high degree of modularity.

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引用本文

杨浩锋.【专题】美军破障行动的力量运用评析[J].国防科技,2020,41(5):24-29;YANG Haofeng. Study on the organization and formation of the U. S Military’s obstacle breaking force[J]. National Defense Technology,2020,41(5):24-29

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  • 在线发布日期: 2020-11-09
  • 出版日期: 2020-10-31

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