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基于网络攻击螺旋模型的网络空间进攻作战研究
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中国人民解放军66018部队

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E866

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Research on Cyberspace Attack Operation Based onNetwork Attack Spiral Model
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66018 Troops

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    摘要:

    网络攻击模型是网络空间进攻作战的基本遵循,本文分析了经典网络攻击链模型存在的适用性不足、全面性欠缺、整体性不够三个方面的主要问题,构建了更适合网络空间作战的网络攻击螺旋模型。该模型将网络攻击行动描述为侦察、武器化、渗透与破坏、横向移动、撤出、评估与改进6个阶段,并设置为螺旋循环式结构,通过对攻击链模型的优化与重构,使模型层次更加分明,任务更加明确,功能更加完备。在此基础上,对模型中各阶段行动应当完成的攻击任务和应当采取的攻击方法进行了梳理,对网络攻击螺旋模型在网络空间进攻作战中应当把握的运用原则进行了探讨,提出了模型运用的隐蔽性原则、先进性原则、持续性原则和多路性原则,进一步增强了模型的针对性和有效性,降低了运用风险,使其更适用于网络空间作战。

    Abstract:

    Network attack model is the basic principle of cyberspace attack operation. This paper analyzes the main problems of the classic Cyber Kill Chain model in three aspects: the lack of applicability, the lack of comprehensiveness and the lack of integrity, and constructs a spiral model of network attack which is more suitable for cyberspace operations. The model describes the network attack action as six stages: reconnaissance, weaponization, penetration and destruction, lateral movement, withdrawal, assessment and improvement, and is set up as a spiral cycle structure. Through the optimization and reconstruction of the attack chain model, the level of the model is clearer, the task is clearer and the function is more complete. On this basis, the attacking tasks and the attacking methods that should be completed in every stage of the model are combed. The principles of applying the spiral attack model in cyberspace offensive operations are discussed. The concealment principle, the advanced principle, the continuity principle and the multiplex principle of the model are put forward, which further enhance the needle of the model. It reduces the operational risk and makes it more suitable for cyberspace operations.

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  • 收稿日期:2020-08-19
  • 最后修改日期:2020-09-17
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