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美军XQ-58A项目与应用模式分析
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Analysis of the XQ-58A project of the US military and its modes of application
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    摘要:

    XQ-58A是美国空军研究实验室推动与支持研制的一种高亚声速无人隐身验证飞机,它能够担任F-22/F-35的无人僚机,执行目标指引、前出探测、干扰诱骗及武器投放等协同任务,能够更好地发挥F-22/F-35的信息优势,提升其实战能力。XQ-58A能够衍生出多样化作战样式,对现代空战和穿透性制空具有重大影响。本文首先对比介绍了XQ-58A与波音公司开发的无人僚机原型机,分析了XQ-58A得以快速发展的原因,从进攻和防御两个方面归纳总结了XQ-58A的潜在应用模式及其对防空体系的影响,最后通过与小型空射诱饵的对比,总结了美军近年来空战思想的转变,即通过掌握和运用高新技术,以低成本代价提升己方应对复杂对抗环境的能力,希冀本研究成果对全面了解XQ-58A项目提供一定参考。

    Abstract:

    XQ-58As are stealthy, subsonic Unmanned Combat Aerial Aehicles (UCAVs) whose development was driven and supported by the US Air Force Research Laboratory (AFRL). These UCAVs are capable of acting as unmanned wingmen for F-22/F-35 fighters to help them perform coordinated tasks such as target guidance, forward reconnaissance, jamming and decoying, and weapons delivery. This can enhance the combat capabilities of F-22/F-35 fighters by improving their information superiority. The advent of XQ-58As may potentially give rise to a diverse variety of combat styles, and it is expected to have an enormous impact on modern air combat and the Penetrating Counter Air (PCA) concept. In this work, the XQ-58A is first compared to the prototype “unmanned wingman” developed by Boeing. The reasons that led to the rapid development of the XQ-58A are then analyzed. Subsequently, the potential application modes of the XQ-58A and its impact on air defense systems are described in terms of offense and defense. Finally, this UCAV is compared to the Miniature Air Launched Decoy (MALD) program to summarize how the air combat doctrine of the US Military has changed recently, considering that the US Air Force is currently using its mastery of advanced technologies to enhance its capabilities of handling complex threat environments economically. The analysis presented herein contributes toward a comprehensive understanding of the XQ-58A project.

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贾高伟,郭 正.美军XQ-58A项目与应用模式分析[J].国防科技,2021,42(1):1-6;JIA Gaowei, GUO Zheng. Analysis of the XQ-58A project of the US military and its modes of application[J]. National Defense Technology,2021,42(1):1-6

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  • 在线发布日期: 2021-03-01
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