Since the advent of Web 2.0, new media, which uses social media as its primary medium for information broadcasts, has gradually become a comparatively independent force in society; it is now the new strategic high ground in network information warfare. Because of its speed and breadth of scope, social media platforms can have an immense impact on large populations of users. Governments and militaries around the world now understand that the rapid development of social media has not only made it a new tool for strategic communications but has also transformed it into a powerful psychological weapon in network information warfare. Social networks can exert new forms of influence on a nation’s politics and military affairs by guiding public opinion, controlling ideologies, and viralizing propaganda via botnets. In effect, social media has become the ideal platform for violent non-state actors such as terrorists, militias, and warlords to seize political control via hybrid warfare. Therefore, it is important to pay close attention to the potential and realized effects of social media weaponization, carefully steer the direction of public opinion, and fortify ideological defenses to meet the future challenges of network information warfare.
孙定宇.网络信息战——社交媒体武器化趋势及影响[J].国防科技,2021,42(1):60-65；SUN Dingyu. Network information warfare: trends and impact of social media weaponization[J]. National Defense Technology,2021,42(1):60-65复制