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网络信息战——社交媒体武器化趋势及影响
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陆军军医大学基础医学院教改课题项目(2019B03)


Network information warfare: trends and impact of social media weaponization
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    摘要:

    互联网进入2.0时代后,以社交媒体为主要信息传播平台的新媒体已逐步变为相对独立的社会力量,成为新的战略制高点。社交媒体平台以其传播信息的速度与广度,对庞大的用户人群产生巨大的影响。各国政府和军队意识到社交媒体的飞速发展不仅让其成为新型战略传播工具,更在网络信息战领域成为强大的“心理”干预武器。本文介绍了社交网络通过舆论引导、意识形态控制、僵尸网络病毒化传播等手段在政治、军事上施加新形态影响,分析了混合战争模式下社交媒体成为恐怖分子、民兵和私人武装集团等非政府实体攫取政治控制权的理想平台。因此,我们必须重视社交媒体潜在及现实的武器化影响,把控社会舆论方向,筑牢意识形态防线,以便应对未来网络信息战的挑战。

    Abstract:

    Since the advent of Web 2.0, new media, which uses social media as its primary medium for information broadcasts, has gradually become a comparatively independent force in society; it is now the new strategic high ground in network information warfare. Because of its speed and breadth of scope, social media platforms can have an immense impact on large populations of users. Governments and militaries around the world now understand that the rapid development of social media has not only made it a new tool for strategic communications but has also transformed it into a powerful psychological weapon in network information warfare. Social networks can exert new forms of influence on a nation’s politics and military affairs by guiding public opinion, controlling ideologies, and viralizing propaganda via botnets. In effect, social media has become the ideal platform for violent non-state actors such as terrorists, militias, and warlords to seize political control via hybrid warfare. Therefore, it is important to pay close attention to the potential and realized effects of social media weaponization, carefully steer the direction of public opinion, and fortify ideological defenses to meet the future challenges of network information warfare.

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孙定宇.网络信息战——社交媒体武器化趋势及影响[J].国防科技,2021,42(1):60-65;SUN Dingyu. Network information warfare: trends and impact of social media weaponization[J]. National Defense Technology,2021,42(1):60-65

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  • 在线发布日期: 2021-03-01
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