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军民融合框架下非战争军事行动应急防疫保障体系建设的思考
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Thoughts on capacity-building for emergency epidemic responses as non-war military operations under the framework of Civil-military Integration
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    摘要:

    2020年初发生的“新冠肺炎”疫情是新中国成立以来防控难度最大的重大突发公共卫生事件,也是对军队应急防疫保障体系的实际检验。军队应立足于军民融合战略思想的大背景,着眼非战争军事行动应急防疫保障体系建设的实际,完善重大疫情防控体制机制,进一步健全公共卫生体系,以全面提升防控和救治能力。本文结合当前新型冠状病毒肺炎疫情和以往非战争军事行动应急防疫保障的实践经验,分析了非战争军事行动卫生防疫保障的特点,阐述了其经验做法和存在的不足,从防疫指挥救治、应急物资保障、卫勤保障法律、心理危机干预以及防疫研发攻关等五个方面给出了对策措施,希翼随着军民融合不断深入推进,军地救治经验的相互交流和科研技术的协助攻关,本研究能够为非战争军事行动应急防疫保障体系建设提供一些参考。

    Abstract:

    China’s COVID-19 outbreak at the beginning of 2020 was a major public health emergency that presented unprecedented challenges to epidemic prevention and control since the founding of the People’s Republic of China. It was also a practical test of the Army’s capacity in emergency epidemic responses, highlighting the need for the army to improve its capacity in prevention, control, and life-saving operations comprehensively by sticking to the overarching strategy of Civil-military Integration while identifying existing issues in building the capacity to improve institutions and mechanisms for preventing and controlling major epidemics and to build a more robust public health system. This paper reviews the experiences in responding to the current COVID-19 pandemic and past public health emergencies. Non-war military operations characterize these operations, identify best practices and areas of improvements, and propose countermeasures for commanding and treatment, the stockpile of emergency supplies, the relevant legal system, psychological crisis intervention, and research and development efforts for epidemic prevention. Deepening Civil-military Integration, such as sharing treatment practices and joint efforts in research and development, is expected to enhance capacity-building for emergency epidemic responses as a part of the Army’s non-war military operations.

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李平俊,王 帅,彭湘义.军民融合框架下非战争军事行动应急防疫保障体系建设的思考[J].国防科技,2021,42(1):71-76;LI Pingjun, WANG Shuai, PENG Xiangyi. Thoughts on capacity-building for emergency epidemic responses as non-war military operations under the framework of Civil-military Integration[J]. National Defense Technology,2021,42(1):71-76

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  • 在线发布日期: 2021-03-01
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