China’s COVID-19 outbreak at the beginning of 2020 was a major public health emergency that presented unprecedented challenges to epidemic prevention and control since the founding of the People’s Republic of China. It was also a practical test of the Army’s capacity in emergency epidemic responses, highlighting the need for the army to improve its capacity in prevention, control, and life-saving operations comprehensively by sticking to the overarching strategy of Civil-military Integration while identifying existing issues in building the capacity to improve institutions and mechanisms for preventing and controlling major epidemics and to build a more robust public health system. This paper reviews the experiences in responding to the current COVID-19 pandemic and past public health emergencies. Non-war military operations characterize these operations, identify best practices and areas of improvements, and propose countermeasures for commanding and treatment, the stockpile of emergency supplies, the relevant legal system, psychological crisis intervention, and research and development efforts for epidemic prevention. Deepening Civil-military Integration, such as sharing treatment practices and joint efforts in research and development, is expected to enhance capacity-building for emergency epidemic responses as a part of the Army’s non-war military operations.
李平俊,王 帅,彭湘义.军民融合框架下非战争军事行动应急防疫保障体系建设的思考[J].国防科技,2021,42(1):71-76；LI Pingjun, WANG Shuai, PENG Xiangyi. Thoughts on capacity-building for emergency epidemic responses as non-war military operations under the framework of Civil-military Integration[J]. National Defense Technology,2021,42(1):71-76复制