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对标准化与前沿技术创新互动关系的理解认识
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Understanding the interaction between standardization and frontier technology innovation
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    摘要:

    世界范围内有关标准化与技术创新的关系研究已近百年,各方学者专家普遍认为标准化有助于技术知识的积累、创新效率的提升以及创新成果的扩散。由于前沿技术具有战略地位高、产业规模大、研发风险高、学科交叉融合、发展路径多样以及创新资源稀缺等特点,相比标准化与传统技术创新,标准化与前沿技术创新之间呈现出一定的网络关系、耦合关系和产品互促关系。本文通过归并标准化与前沿技术创新参与主体、对比各自生命周期发展以及阶段性成果情况,分析阐述了二者之间关系的理解认识,并提出应充分发挥标准化的战略工具性、公共品属性和广泛兼容性,强化对前沿技术军事应用创新方向校准的导向作用、创新资源整合的协同作用及创新成果转化的推动作用,加速国防前沿技术推动新型作战力量和保障力量的发展。促进“黑科技”和“杀手锏”的形成。

    Abstract:

    The relationship between standardization and technological innovation has been studied for nearly a century globally. It is generally believed that standardization contributes to the accumulation of technological knowledge, improvement of innovation efficiency, and diffusion of innovation. Given the high strategic importance of frontier technologies, their sizeable industrial scale, high risk of research and development, interdisciplinary integration, diversified development paths, and scarcity of innovation resources, the relationship between standardization and frontier technology innovation, compared with that between standardization and traditional technological innovation, can be represented by a particular network with participant coupling and product synergy. By dividing the participants in standardization and frontier technology innovation into several general groups, comparing their life cycle development and phased achievements, we present our understanding of the interaction between standardization and frontier technology innovation. Considering standardization as a strategic instrument and public good that are widely compatible, we believe that it should be tapped to guide the military application and innovation of frontier technologies, create synergy in integrating innovation resources, and promote the application of innovation outcomes. National defense frontier technologies could boost the development of novel combat and support forces, thereby landing a surprise and decisive blow.

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王 数,张利亭,张 凯.对标准化与前沿技术创新互动关系的理解认识[J].国防科技,2021,42(1):77-83;WANG Shu, ZHANG Liting, ZHANG Kai. Understanding the interaction between standardization and frontier technology innovation[J]. National Defense Technology,2021,42(1):77-83

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  • 在线发布日期: 2021-03-01
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