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应对混合战争的人防工程安检设施设置研究
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Deploying security check facilities for civil defense works to counter hybrid warfare
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    摘要:

    冷战结束后,“混合战争”的威胁日益增加,人民防空工程和其他各类城市安全设施都亟需改进安全防护手段,增设安全检查设施,防控敌对势力的恐怖袭击和后方破坏。人防工程在战时对于出入口通行效率的要求远比地铁设施高,且出入口区域空间有限,无法照搬现有的地铁安检措施。本文从防范标准、安检流程以及技术手段等方面进行分析,提出运用新的检查技术手段,结合“分类检查与人物分离”的新检查流程,在人防工程出入口有限的空间条件下,设置人员和物品各自的分级检查通道。这在经济可承受的范围内既满足了筛查质量,又保证了检测通行效率,从而能够达到人防工程掩蔽与安检的要求,并完善应对“混合战争”威胁的措施,以期为增强我国未来的整体国防实力提供借鉴。

    Abstract:

    With the increasing threat of “hybrid warfare” after the end of the Cold War, there is an urgent need to improve security measures and deploy more security check facilities for civil defense works and other types of urban security facilities to prevent and control hostile terrorist attacks and rear sabotage. In wartime, civil defense works must be far more efficient in access control than subway facilities. However, given the limited space at the entrances and exits of civil defense works, existing subway security inspection measures cannot be applied without modification. In this paper, in light of the security standards, security inspection procedures, and inspection technologies for civil defense works, the combination of new inspection technologies with a novel inspection procedure of “tiered inspection and separate screening of people and baggage” is proposed. The analysis shows that with confined space in access control areas, the deployment of separate and tiered screening gateways for people and baggage is an economically reasonable measure to ensure screening quality while meeting access control efficiency requirements. The civil defense works capable of providing shelter and meeting security check requirements are indispensable in countering the threat of hybrid warfare, contributing to China’s overall national defense capacity.

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朱星平.应对混合战争的人防工程安检设施设置研究[J].国防科技,2021,42(1):94-99;ZHU Xingping. Deploying security check facilities for civil defense works to counter hybrid warfare[J]. National Defense Technology,2021,42(1):94-99

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  • 在线发布日期: 2021-03-01
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