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美国国防太空力量发展的动向及应对——基于对美国2020年《国防太空战略》的解读
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国家社会科学基金项目(19BGJ074)


Countermeasures and developmental trends of the US Defense Space Force based on the interpretation of the US Defense Space Strategy in 2020
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    摘要:

    发展国防太空力量是美国谋划大国竞争的战略支点。特朗普政府执政以来,为捍卫一超独霸的太空地位,加速推进太空军事化进程,已制定《国家太空战略》,签署新的太空政策指令,成立第六军种“天军”。2020年6月,美国公开最新版《国防太空战略》报告。本文对其梳理分析以研判美国国防太空力量发展动向,并运用网络调研法搜集近年美国政府部门关于国防太空力量发展的权威政策文本及知名智库的深度研究报告。在此基础上,把美国2020年最新版《国防太空战略》作为中心文本,以文献分析法归纳美国国防太空力量发展的动因、目标及行动计划。中国作为负责任的发展中太空大国,应当积极借鉴并应对美国2020年《国防太空战略》:内强素质,提升国防太空军事技术硬实力;外树形象,在国际场合积极推动太空和平利用的政策议程。

    Abstract:

    The development of a national space force is a strategic fulcrum for the United States in the context of competition among major global powers. To maintain its dominance in space, the Trump administration continually advanced the cause of space militarization. It issued a National Space Strategy, signed new space policy directives, and established a sixth branch of the military called the "Space Force". In June 2020, the United States published the latest version of the Defense Space Strategy, an analysis of which can reflect the developmental defensive trend of the US Space Force. This study used an Internet survey to collect US policy documents and reports by well-known think tanks on the defensive developments of its space force in recent years. The US Defense Space Strategy document in 2020 is treated as the central text. The motivations, goals, and action plans for the development of a US defense strategy in space are summarized through an analysis of the literature. As a responsible and developing space power, China should learn from and respond to the US defense space strategy by strengthening and improving its military technology for defense in space, and promoting a foreign policy agenda for the peaceful use of outer space.

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粟 锋,徐能武.美国国防太空力量发展的动向及应对——基于对美国2020年《国防太空战略》的解读[J].国防科技,2021,42(3):91-97;SU Feng, XU Nengwu. Countermeasures and developmental trends of the US Defense Space Force based on the interpretation of the US Defense Space Strategy in 2020[J]. National Defense Technology,2021,42(3):91-97

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  • 在线发布日期: 2021-06-30
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